While working with python data types, there are situations when you want to convert the data collected from one type to another. There are 4 methods by which we can convert a list to a string in python with fewer lines of code. These methods of converting a list into a string include iteration, comprehension, join(), and map() method. But before understanding all these conversion methods in detail, let us understand what are lists and strings.
What is a List?
The list is one of the most important data types in the python language. A python list is an ordered and changeable collection of data objects. In Python language, the list is written as commas separated values inside the square bracket. It can also contain duplicate elements along with the negative indexing elements. The important advantage of the list is that the elements inside the list are not compulsory to be of the same data type. List undergo the operations like slicing, concentrating, etc., just like the string operations. Also, you can create a nested list, i.e., a list containing another list.
What is a String?
A string is defined as a sequence of characters where a character is a simple symbol. For example, in the English Language, we have 26 characters available. The computer system does not understand characters therefore, it deals with binary numbers. Even though we can see characters on our monitor screens, internally it is stored and manipulated internally as a combination of 0's and 1's. In the Python programming language, a string is a sequence of Unicode characters. It s an immutable sequence data type wrapped inside single or double-quotes. That means that once you define a string, you cannot change it.
You can also assign a multi-line string to a variable using triple quotes. Many string manipulation methods are available for string data types like join(), split(), concatenation, etc. However, this method does not modify the original strings but creates a copy and modifies them accordingly.
Convert List to String in Python
As mentioned earlier, there are 4 methods to convert a list to string in python. Let us study them one by one in detail, along with the example and corresponding output.
1) Iterating through the List
This method will iterate every index of the input list one by one and add it to the empty string.
2) Using join() method
Every element of the list will be traversed and added to the empty string. Join() method is used to concatenate all these elements and form the final output. This method will fail to work if the list contains integer elements, and therefore the output will be TypeError Exception.
3) Using List Comprehension
As mentioned earlier, the join() method will fail to work if you have integer elements in your input list. But to overcome this failure, you can use the List comprehension along with join() method. List comprehension will help you to create a list of elements from the existing input list. And later uses a for loop to traverse the elements by element-wise patterns. After the traversal of elements by list comprehension, you can use the join() method to concatenate the traversed elements of the list into an empty string.
4) Using map() function
map() function accepts the iterable objects such as tuples, lists, or strings. Hence, it is used to map the elements of the iterable objects with the function provided.
List and string have their own importance as a data type in python. This article referred to python lists and strings in detail, along with different techniques and methods to convert list data types into strings. It is highly recommended to learn and understand all these methods in detail as they are very effective and efficient for converting the list to string using fewer lines of code.